The History of 3D Technology


3D technology can be tracked all the way back to the beginning of photography. In 1844 David Brewster invented the Stereoscope. It was a brand new invention that could take photographic images in 3D. Afterward, Louis Jules Duboscq took that innovation and improved on it. Louis took a picture of Queen Victoria with the enhanced technology and exhibited it at the Great Exhibition in 1851. This picture became very famous across the world. Stereoscopic cameras began to catch on and became rather normal for individual use by World War II.

In 1855 the Kinematascope, a stereo animation camera, was devised. It was able to make 3d motion pictures. In 1915 the first anaglyph film was produced. Anaglyph technology utilized 3d glasses with two different color lenses which would direct an image to each eye. In 1890 William Friese-Greene, a British film pioneer filed a patent for the 3D film procedure. In 1922 the first public 3D movie, “The Power of Love”, was exhibited. In 1935 the first 3D Shade movie was created. Using the technology would stay dormant for more than a decade.

From the 1950s, 3D technology made a return. In this age, TVs had become extremely popular and had begun appearing in many families. In the 50s a range of 3D films was being produced. In 1952″Bwana Devil” by United Artists was shown across the USA. This was the first 3D picture of the 50s. The film was shot with a process called Natural Vision. This procedure was pitched to Hollywood studios but they passed. Not all movie theaters were equipped with the 3D technology. 3D movies were also being developed out the United States. In 1947 The Soviet Union released their first full-length 3D film,” Robinson Crusoe”.

In the 1960s a new technology named Space-Vision 3D was published. This technology took two pictures and printed them over each other on a single strip. Unlike previous 3D technology, it took a single projector using a unique lens. This new technology eliminated the requirement to use two cameras to show 3D movies. Two camera systems were hard to use since it required that the two cameras were perfectly synced. The first film to use this technology has been”The Bubble”. The film was panned by critics, however, the 3D experience still attracted enormous crowds. It turned into a profitable movie, making the new technology ready for advertising to other studios.

In 1970, Allan Silliphant and Chris Condon developed Stereovision. This was a brand new 3D technology that places two pictures squeezed together side by side on a single strip of 35-millimeter film. This technology utilized a special anamorphic lens which would widen the picture by means of a set of polaroid filters. The first film to be released in Stereovision was a softcore sex comedy called”The Stewardesses”. The film cost just $100,000 USD to create and it earned an amazing $27 million in North America.

In the early 1980s, many films were released in 3D with the identical procedure as Space Vision. A few of the movies which were published were Amityville 3-D, Friday the 13th Part III, and Jaws 3-D. In the mid-1980s, IMAX started producing documentary films in 3D. Imax’s 3D technology highlighted mathematical correctness and this removed the eyeshadow which was seen in previous 3D technology. In 1986, Canada had developed the first 3D film that used polarized glasses. It was known as “Echoes of the Sun” and has been made for Expo 86.

Throughout the 1990s, many movies were released in IMAX 3D. The most successful IMAX 3D movie released in this period was”Into the Deep”. The first IMAX 3D fiction film, “Wings of Courage” was published in 1996.

During the 2000s, many major studio films were released in 3D. In 2003, James Cameron published Ghosts of the Abyss. This was the first full-length 3D IMAX feature film. This movie used the newest IMAX 3D technology known as the Reality Camera System. The technology used the newest HD video cameras and was designed by Vince Pace. The same technology has been used in”Spy Kids 3D: Game over”, “Aliens of the Deep”, and”The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D”. In 2004 the first full length animated 3D film was released. It was known as”The Polar Express”. This movie was so powerful in 3D it prompted an excellent interest in 3D animated movies. The 3D version of the movie earned 14x as much per display as the 2D version. In 2005, The Mann’s Chinese 6 theatre in Hollywood became the first commercial movie theater to have the Digital 3D technology. In 2007 Scar 3D was released globally, and it was the first movie to be filmed using an entirely digital workflow.

We should anticipate that using 3D technology will continue and expand into the normal household. Most major electronics producers are planning the launch of the 3D television lines. As the technology ages, expect prices to go lower and lower, and since they costs fall, more and more people will buy 3D television sets.